The Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization.

Introduction

Globalisation is the integration in terms of economy, social and politics, in other words, the contentedness of production, communication and technologies. There have been so much confusion about the meaning of globalization and what does it do. Some are wondering, is it for the integration of economy, politic and social or for Americanization of United States to conquer the world. Is it for economic development, democratic and world freedom or is it just for environmental devastation, exploration of the developing world and suppression human rights. No one knows the real meaning and reasons behind this agenda. But the thing for sure is that, globalization has mainly both, advantages and disadvantages to the developed and developing countries, worldwide.

Problem statement

The main point of this research is to emphasize on the advantages and disadvantages of globalization from the perspective of social, economy and politics. From the social perspective, the focus will be on the impact of globalization in the social and cultural development of the people of the world, communication and improved transport, effectively reducing barriers between countries. For economy, focus will be given more to the movement of labour and the capital flow. Last but not least, from the political site, we will be emphasizing on the effect of globalization on the way of leading and the concepts of politic used by those countries.

Body (arguments with citation)

Argument 1

Benzhu1985 (2011) says that, “Global cultural homogeneity has immensely enriched the lives of the citizens in developing countries. For instance, now Hollywood blockbusters typically get their first screening in China within a couple of days after their Americans premiere and youths in China can download singles topping billboard charts from the Internet without having to scout around in a CD store. Enhanced TV connectivity affords Chinese viewers chances to see primetime American TV shows. This ease of access to a multitude of foreign amusements has really brightened up the lives of many. This is just one example about the merit of cultural globalization. I still can give you more examples such as the reduction of cultural barriers. For example, people can travel wherever they want over the world, they can absorb different culture from other countries. However, the global cultural sameness can engender profound adverse effects. First, it severely undermines the cultural diversity in the world. Nowhere is the decline of cultural diversity more manifest than the youngsters? For example, today, in China, teenagers engage in emulating western wedding, they have forgotten the essential weeding of their culture. Also, children had been used English since they attended to school, the much they used the more they lost their language, such as people pronounce taxi “di she” in Chi-English, as a consequence, children do not know that the correct pronunciation in Chinese is “chum zu Che”. These are the advantages and disadvantages of cultural globalization”.

Benzhu1985. (2011). Cultural, economic, and political globalisation – is it worth it?. Retrieved December 22, from http://www.essayforum.com/writing-feedback-3/cultural-economical-political-globalization-worth-28155/ .

I am basically agreed with most of the points discussed in this article. But, I am quite disagreeing with some of the points. For the advantage which is the youth in china can easily get access to the single topping billboard charts by downloading through the internet without having to go to the CDs stores? Of course it makes people lives easier, but at the same time, it decreases the income of the DVDs stores as less people are coming to their store to buy those things. The writer did also mention that in china, for example, many of the teenagers are forgetting their own culture of wedding since most of them are now practising the western wedding. Actually, it depends on the person itself, to choose what kind of theme they want for their wedding day as it are the happiest day in their life, and the most important, it is once a life. We cannot say that they are forgetting their culture, by only judging those kinds of things. Culture is still culture, no one can deny that.

Argument 2

According to an article from yahoo website, “With increased economic interconnection has come deep-seated political changes – poorer, ‘peripheral’, countries have become even more dependent on activities in ‘central’ economies such as the USA where capital and technical expertise tend to be located. There has also been a shift in power away from the nation state and toward, some argue, multinational corporations. We have also witnessed the rise and globalization of the ‘brand’. It isn’t just that large corporations operate across many different countries – they have also developed and marketed products that could be just as well sold in Peking as in Washington. Brands like Coca Cola, Nike, Sony, and a host of others have become part of the fabric of vast numbers of people’s lives”.

Sensekonomics. (2007). Globalisation/Globalization – Economic Advantages and Disadvantages?. Retrieved December 23, from http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080203075537AAnAgyO.

As mentioned in the article, one of the bad effects of globalization in terms of economy is that the poor country is becoming poorer as they have to depend on the center of the economies, like USA, to develop their countries, which means to enhance their capital flow. However, the good thing about globalization is that many products can be sold in the world market instead of just producing and selling it at the countries, which means, the increase of multinational trades.

Argument 3:

According to Benzhu1985, in the EssayForum website, “political globalization refers to the increasing number and power of human associations which influence or govern the world as a whole. Political globalization has an important significance for human beings. Because political globalization enables to let governments consider more in thought when they setting the policy. Also, governments can absorb the experiences from other countries. For example, today, china has learnt Open political psychology and democratic political conception from other countries. In china, it has become popular to use western countries’ experiences to solve political problems, such as election. However, Political globalization also has some negative effects. Political globalization accelerates the conflict between east and west. For example, some governments will distort correct values; even support other country’s terrorist forces. Base on political globalization, some countries have an excuse to participate in the management of other countries, even waging war”.

Benzhu1985. (2011). Cultural, economical, and political globalisation – is it worth it?. Retrieved December 22, from http://www.essayforum.com/writing-feedback-3/cultural-economical-political-globalisation-worth-28155/.

The adoption of western way of policy into their respective policy is good thing to be done, but it is not supposed to be apply in all matters in that policy, there should be a least adoption, since it is the responsibility of the government of that country to ensure that they have applied the effective policy for their country, which comes from the country itself.

Conclusion

As the conclusion, globalization has brought many costs and benefits to the people of the world. In this world, it has always been like that, there will be negative and positive sides of anything. One thing for sure is that globalization has changed the way of life of most of the people in the world, in terms of social, economy, and politics. Those changes can clearly be seen by changes happened in the usage of technologies, economic and social development, as well as the policies of the world.

References

Benzhu1985. (2011). Cultural, economic, and political globalisation – is it worth it?. Retrieved December 22, from http://www.essayforum.com/writing-feedback-3/cultural-economical-political-globalisation-worth-28155/.

Sensekonomics. (2007). Globalisation/Globalization – Economic Advantages and Disadvantages?. Retrieved December 23, from http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080203075537AAnAgyO.

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