In week 8, we were talking about United Nations. As Dr Faosiy explained to us, United Nations is international organisation whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. It was founded in1945, after World War II to replace the league of nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. Since 2001, there are 193 member states.
There are six principal organs, the general assembly, the Security Council, the economic and social council, the secretariat, the international court of justice, and the United Nations trusteeship council. The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations and includes all its Members. It may discuss any matter arising under the UN Charter and make recommendations to UN Members (except on disputes or situations which are being considered by the Security Council). The security council has primary responsibility, under the UN Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security.
The economic and social council (ECOSOC), established by the UN Charter, is the principal organ to coordinate the economic, social and related work of the United Nations and the specialized agencies and institutions. And it has 54 member nations elected from all regions. The secretariat carries out the day-to-day work of the Organization. The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General. He is responsible for implementing decisions taken by the various organs of the United Nations. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the UN’s main judicial organ. The United Nations trusteeship council is to provide international supervision for 11 Trust Territories placed under the administration of 7 Member States, and ensure that adequate steps were taken to prepare the Territories for self-government and independence.
The United Nations was created to save succeeding generations from war, protect human rights, establish condition for justice and helps the societies to get better standards of life. United Nations has good purposes to create a peace among countries and they also help a lot to many countries. However, the United Nations has not succeeded in keeping peace in some countries, e.g. In Syria, even the UN already helped, but the war in Syria seemed to be worsening, there were many victims were died. UN efforts have produced dramatic results. In 1988, an UN-sponsored peace settlement ended the Iran-Iraq war, and the following year UN-sponsored negotiations led to the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. Thus, UN still fails in keeping peace especially in Syria.