During the class of tutorial, our beloved lecturer, Mr. John Britto, he let us to make an activity of elaborating ethics among the many of professional fields including the politician ethic, medical professional ethic, the information technician ethic, the business man ethic and so on….
From these activities in class, I have learned about the medical ethic which all of medical professionals should apply.
The medical technology was developed by ” Hippocrates ” who was an old Greek medical physician. And, he was also regarded as the father of modern medicine. He showed and applied to his students how to be an ethical medical physician (Technician) by means of his laws and oaths.Most of the medical institutions around the world celebrate the activity for their students to read and understand about the laws and oaths of ” Hippocrates” in their 1st day of stepping into the medical professional field in order to honor him. The laws and oaths of ” Hippocrates” have been modified to suit with modern cultures and conditions among medical professionals today. Even it was modified, the original objectives and shapes of ” Hippocrates ” were not disappeared. The following is the modern Laws and Oaths of ” Hippocrates ” .
1. Medicine is of all the arts the most noble; but, owing to the ignorance of those who practice it, and of those who, inconsiderately, form a judgment of them, it is at present far behind all the other arts. Their mistake appears to me to arise principally from this, that in the cities there is no punishment connected with the practice of medicine (and with it alone) except disgrace, and that does not hurt those who are familiar with it. Such persons are the figures which are introduced in tragedies, for as they have the shape, and dress, and personal appearance of an actor, but are not actors, so also physicians are many in title but very few in reality.
2. Whoever is to acquire a competent knowledge of medicine, ought to be possessed of the following advantages: a natural disposition; instruction; a favorable position for the study; early tuition; love of labour; leisure. First of all, a natural talent is required; for, when Nature leads the way to what is most excellent, instruction in the art takes place, which the student must try to appropriate to himself by reflection, becoming an early pupil in a place well adapted for instruction. He must also bring to the task a love of labour and perseverance, so that the instruction taking root may bring forth proper and abundant fruits.
3. Instruction in medicine is like the culture of the productions of the earth. For our natural disposition, is, as it were, the soil; the tenets of our teacher are, as it were, the seed; instruction in youth is like the planting of the seed in the ground at the proper season; the place where the instruction is communicated is like the food imparted to vegetables by the atmosphere; diligent study is like the cultivation of the fields; and it is time which imparts strength to all things and brings them to maturity.
4. Having brought all these requisites to the study of medicine, and having acquired a true knowledge of it, we shall thus, in travelling through the cities, be esteemed physicians not only in name but in reality. But inexperience is a bad treasure, and a bad fund to those who possess it, whether in opinion or reality, being devoid of self-reliance and contentedness, and the nurse both of timidity and audacity. For timidity betrays a want of powers, and audacity a lack of skill. They are, indeed, two things, knowledge and opinion, of which the one makes its possessor really to know, the other to be ignorant.
5. Those things which are sacred, are to be imparted only to sacred persons; and it is not lawful to impart them to the profane until they have been initiated into the mysteries of the science.
The above ethic(s) are applying among medical professionals today in order to be an ethical physician or surgeon.
By Nyein Chann Aung 209110211