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The First World War

The discussion of the last class of current affairs was all about the First World War which is considered as the Great War as because it was on the most perilous war in the history of world. Our honorable teachers had shown a video related with the First World War during the time of lecture. They had also mentioned some causes and effects of the First World War those have given me a clear idea about the First World War. I feel very happy today because I am going to write a reflective dairy on the basis of the discussion that I have understood.

The World War 1 was a global war placed in Europe that initiated on July 1914 and lasted until November 1918. It involved all the great powers of the world which were assembled into two opposing alliances. In one alliance (UK, France and Russia) and other alliance (Germany, Austria, Hungary and Italy). But Hungary and Austria had taken offensive against the agreement and Italy did not participate in the war. Actually these alliances were both recognized and expanded as more nations entered the war. Later japan and USA entered into the alliances.

I think the causes of World War 1 included some factors such as conflict and hostility of the four decades was very important clue of the war. On the other hand, militarism, alliances and nationalism also played a very important role on that time. However the crisis came after a long difficult series of diplomatic clashes between the great powers and the colonial issue. The more immediate cause for the war was tensions over territory in the Balkans. Austria and Hungary competed with Serbia and Russia for territory and influence in the region and they pulled the rest of the great powers into the conflicts through their various alliances and treaties. On that time there was intense rivalry between nations over the strength of their armies and navies leading up to the war. The German wanted his forces to contest the armies of France and Russia and his navy to rival Britain. The threat from Germany, as well as Germany’s alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy, brought Britain, France and Russia into alliance. The rivalries between the countries were also encouraged by competition over the size and extent of their kingdoms. In particular, many European powers were competing for land and wealth in Africa on that time. All these reasons were responsible for First World War.

The effect of the Great War was very destructive. Its effect is seen in many areas, as in the destruction of human life and property, and in the political, social and economic field. About eighty lakhs people were killed and many people had lost their properties. After the war the price of goods and service went up starvation tracked the entire world. The government imposed higher tax on people. Many mills and factories were established. But workers did not get enough wages and that is why they had launched movements for the recognition of their rights. This war also had important social consequences. There was progress in the sphere of women. Even European Christianity had no impact on the Great War. For politics came to eclipse religion. All known religious beliefs were shattered. This apart, narrow-minded radicalism was given up and a sense of fraternity was born in the people.

From the above discussion we can say that although war has both positive and negative consequences but most of the time it brings dissatisfaction and stress. It damages emotional and psychological well-being of common people, wastes resources and decrease productivity. The First World War has negative and positive outcomes. Because of this war, many people have lost their lives and resources but on the other hand, it has taught people and the nations many things. Many nations have got encouragement to be more united after the First World War.

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