This week’s lecture was still discussing about the conflict but in deeply context, the speaker was Mr. Faozi Ahmad. There were three main topics that we learnt in this week; religious conflict, irredentism, separatism, and terrorism. Our lecturer was firstly explained about the religious before turn it into its conflict. Religion is an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, practice and worship that centre a one supreme God, or the deity.
Religious conflict is defined as incompatibility or disagreement arising from differences in fait belief. It is also defined as dispute about important political, economic, cultural, or territorial. There are four types of religious conflict; Inter-religious conflict, intra-religious conflict, ethno-religious conflict, and political religious conflict.
Inter-religious conflict defined as conflict between two different religious, such as Buddhism and Islam in Myanmar. Intra-religious conflict is conflict between the same religion (internal), such as Sunni and Shia. Ethno-religious conflict is conflict that involves certain ethnic associated with religious aspect. And lastly, political religious conflict is defined as power struggle conflict.
Besides religious conflict, we also learnt about irredentism and separatism. Irredentism (Irredenta) is originally referred to Astro-Hungarian rule over mostly or partly Italian-inhabited territories such as Trentino and Trieste during the 19th and early 20th century. Irredentism defined as any position advocating annexation of territories administered by another states on the grounds of common ethnicity or prior historical actual or alleged, it is also known by “Pan Movement”. The doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related. While separatism is the desire or action of a group to join either nearby state dominated. It is also stated in Wikipedia that separatism refers to full political secession, separatist groups may seek nothing more than greater autonomy.
And the last topic in this week’s lecture is about Terrorism. Terrorism in simple definition is the act of terror, terrorism also defined as the calculated use of violence against civilians in order to achieve goals that political or religious or ideological in nature, this is done through intimidation or coercion or instilling fear.
Talking about terrorism, people surely will remember what was happened in the last 12 years which is September 11, 2001. In this time, the world was surprised by the destroying of World Trade Centre building in United States. World started blaming al Alqaeda, an Islamic organization that has been accused as a terrorist organization. In just a few days after the incident, Muslims around the world being hated by people around them, especially in western countries which Muslim is low-population among the other religions. As a Muslim, I was really sad being in this situation even though I was not there.
After reading the articles that given by my lecturers entitled ‘World Truth Today’ which takes up about the declaration of Robin Cook, a former British foreign secretary. He declared that there is no Islamic army, and he also declared that Al-Qaeda literally “the database”, it was originally computer file of the thousands of Mujahideen who were recruited and trained with help from the CIA to defeat the Russian Inexplicably, unfortunately these Mujahideen led by Osama bin Laden turn their attention to the west especially US. After 4 weeks of his declaration, Robin Cook died. Now I understood the fact behind all of these. The media is not always showed us the fact, moreover they reverse it most of the time. One thing I should learn from this topic, before accepting the things we have to know the resource and there is always a true story behind the fake, what we need is to prove it.