This week learned on the ethical perspectives in Persia, japan and China. As we got in lecture, Persian ethics began with Zoroastrianism, which is about struggle between good and evil deeds. The former Persia is presently known as Iran. Still Iranian ethics is related with Zoroastrianism. Chinese ethics was started with ancient Confucianism, which emphasized on self-cultivation and natural order of earth. Japanese ethics is about having a positive attitude towards any activity, devotion and hard-working nature.
For Persian Ethics, we had an extensive discussion. The lecturer in the meantime, made comparison with Islam in Persia and Islam in rest of the world. As we know, Iran is a Shia country and most of the Muslims of the world are Sunni, we asked the asked in what sectors of Islam this Shia and Sunni divides. The lecturer answered briefly, then we asked more about Islam in Iran. Then he elaborated more on Iranian culture and introduction of Islam in Iran. He agreed that as Zoroastrianism still persists in Iranian culture Islamic rules have been adopted in different ways from the mainstream Islam. Then he tried to make some metaphysical cognitive about Islam and why it’s changed in Iran. He said Islam as a liquid, in a container of human mind. Then the whole class engaged with an argument with this statement. Students refused the statement and they said reversely, Islam as a container and human mind as the liquid. We enjoyed the unexpected argument, though it was not completely over and we still had to move on to next topics.
Then we all were questioned by lecture that why Japan is modern, highly developed with traditional ethics? Some said Japan had experienced some extreme devastation, so they avoid fighting and keep themselves calm. I believe the reason is the peaceful nature of Japanese people. If you go to japan you will find it really peaceful and calm and cool. The houses are really quite, without any noise or disturbance. Japanese culture inspire the people to stay peaceful, avoid quarrel, and work-hard. Everywhere in japan you actually can feel a tranquility, which will consistently keep your body, soul and mind in peace, which is called ‘Inner Peace’. As I had some Japanese friends I know about them, they really value the faith and trust in relationships. Sometimes I feel like if I would be able to go to Japan one day.