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Morality is one of the cornerstones in Islam

Today’s lecture was about ethics in Islam, the lecture was delivered by Hamid and Miss. Siti Noor. The class was very interesting where by lecturers lighted us the beauty of Islam.

Lecturers gave us an overview about the topic they started from pre-Islamic period to the arrival of Islam. Al-Farabi (d.950 CE) defined Islamic Ethics as a science that studies the state of human soul.  Islam is a comprehensive way of life, and morality is one of the cornerstones in Islam. Islam has established some universal fundamental rights for humanity as a whole, which are to be observed in all circumstances.  To uphold these rights, Islam has provided not only legal safeguards, but also a very effective moral system.

When viewing Islamic ethics, the holly Quran and sunnah ((i.e. recorded saying and behavior of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him)) are the core sources of Islamic ethics. We have to follow prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) since he had the highest ethical traits of mankind. Based on unalterable message of the Qur’an and Sunnah, the message of Islam provides a stable foundation for ethical behaviour to be inferred from for all times to come. It enables people feel confident about what is desirable and what is not. The most fundamental characteristics of a Muslim are piety and humility. A Muslim must be humble with God and with other people. Islam uses Arabic words Akhlaq and Adab which are interchangeable for ethics.

The sacred book, the Quran, promotes faith in God, promoting justice for everyone, forgiving others, and being compassionate, merciful, generous, humble, and tolerant. Muslims are also expected to take responsibility for the well-being of all life, and to be courageous in following God’s laws and in standing up to injustice.

All in all, Ethics in Islam addresses every aspect of a man’s life, from greetings to international relations. It is universal in its scope and in its applicability. I would leave you this sweet quote reported from Prophet Muhammad (pbhm), Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) summarized the conduct of a Muslim when he said: “My Sustainer has given me nine commands: to remain conscious of God, whether in private or in public; to speak justly, whether angry or pleased; to show moderation both when poor and when rich, to reunite friendship with those who have broken off with me; to give to him who refuses me; that my silence should be occupied with thought; that my looking should be an admonition; and that I should command what is right.”

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