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Government by the people

In this week (week 7) our topic of discussion was Democracy, which was very interesting topic of current affairs till now. In my opinion, Democracy has been defined as the government by the people. In such a Government people are themselves the leaders of the ruled. Government is elected by election, everyone citizen have freedom to elect anyone. All the adult citizens cast votes and elect their representatives. Thus it is a people’s government. It is run through their elected representatives while on the other hand Dictatorship is that form of Government in which there is monopolization of power. All power rests in the hands of one solitary individual. The people have no say in the matters of Government. In India, England and American, etc.; there is democracy. In China, Egypt, etc., there is dictatorship.

Democratic systems by nature prefer to have a system of check and balance so that all power is not rested in one individual. This can sometimes lead to situations where doing any regulation becomes very complex or nearly impossible. A dictator can however carry out this action through a announcement. The problem faced by Indian government in convincing its coalition partners to accept the nuclear deal with US is an example of such complication. Many democracies agree to this argument of complexities in a democracy. Hence many democracies provide options whereby head of state or parliament can suspend governments and granting powers to one person or group of people under special situations. During the Second World War, Norwegian parliament dissolved itself and handed over all the powers to the cabinet.

Keeping all the above advantages and disadvantages of democracy and dictatorship in mind, we can say that democracy leads to the growth of the individual as well as of society. It is in this form of Government that the individual freedoms and rights are highly respected. People are not made to follow the Government like sheep and goats. That is why the present dictators take pleasure in calling their dictatorship people’s republics. In recent times there has been turmoil all over Eastern Europe with thousands and thousands of people demanding democratic reforms, and fair and free elections on the basic of a multiparty system. Dictatorships in many of these countries have been replaced by democracies. All progressive countries want to follow the path of democracy. It is the highest form of civilized Government.

While democracy today appears to be the most popular choice when it comes to choosing a form of government, it brings with it many complications that would be absent in a dictatorship. Making bold decisions for long term prosperity, executing controversial decisions and making bitter choices for the common good can be very complicated processes in a democratic form of government.

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