The study of Islamic ethics, whether philosophical or theological, grew out of early discussions of the questions of predetermination (qadar), obligation (taklif) and the injustices of temporal rulers, particularly the caliphs. Early writers on ethics from the Mu’tazila school were probably influenced by Greek philosophy. By the third century ah (ninth century ad) a clearly discernible current of philosophical ethics began to take shape, with strong influences from Greek ethics including Stoicism, Platonism and Aristotelianism.
What is the background of Islamic ethics?.The background of the Islamic ethics is from the Aqidah , shariah, and the Akhlaq.These are the three Islamic ethical background. Aqidah is the faith and the believe that we have in God. These are the Islam , iman and ihsan. The second is shariah , it is the practice and the activities carried out in Islam. The final one is the akhlaq which is the mortality and the ethics itself.
Akhlaq is the main ethics in Islam which in Arabic terms means “khuluq”. The khuluq is the moral philosophy in which it brings up a good character and a good human behavior in a human being.
Some of the sources of the Islamic ethics is drived by the quran and the hadith, the Islamic theology , the Islamic philosophy and the Islamic mysticism. The word khuluq is mentioned int the quran 2 times: “One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue and hands”
It is also said that the Islamic ethics is a science that studies the state if the human souls.
What are some of the Islamic scope and principles? The is Islamic ethics is a transcendental.It is also about the system that the man’s nature is no evil nor gracetes , but good (fitrah). It is one of the universal code of conduct, the universal justice and it is about human rightd and equality .Moreover it is an open system of approach to ethics , not a self oriented system. Its aim is to bring human interests and to prevent hardships.
The fundamentalism of the ethical principles in Islam is the unity (Al-Tawhid), equilibrium (Al-A’DALAH) which is the peace and harmony, freedom (Al-Hurriyah) it is the faulty to think and to choose and finally the responsibility (Al-Mas-Ullyyah).
Week 6 -Reflective Diary -By Shagufa Shahista Mahboob