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Ethical frameworks

I was looking forward to week seven eagerly to see how Mr. Jamie was going to conduct his turn of teaching classes and my hopes were not in vain. Indeed, he has a very special way of teaching. As far as knowledge is concerned this week was the most beneficial one since the beginning of ethics class. His teaching was in no way confusing, rather straightforward and precise. He opened the class with some questions that made me contemplate about my ethical standards and its foundations. Some of the comprehending questions were about persons awareness of his/her own ethical thinking style, do we usually use our ethical thinking style in a decision making process and are the ethical thinking styles applicable in all situations of our daily lives. These questions seemed simple but the answers required much of a consideration.

Basically, I learned about different ethical frameworks during the week. In short, there are five types of ethical frameworks were mentioned in the class: divine command ethics, relativist ethics, virtue ethics, utilitarian ethics and deontology ethics. Relativist ethics is about how surrounding community, culture and people think. Relativist makes decisions based on acceptability concept of the community. Divine command ethics is referred to a framework of ethics which is based on religious beliefs. Utilitarian ethics is making ethical judgments by looking at the consequences or the result of the action. Deontology ethics is ethics which depend on rules, duties and obligations. Lastly, virtue ethics depend on character or the intention of the one doing the action. Of course, there are other types of frameworks, but lecturer was content with five major ethical frameworks.

Mr. Jamie managed to do two quizzes during the lecture session and I think, he through the knowledge he had delivered and the quizzes could not only check the ethical frameworks of the students but also could reform to some extent. I started thinking about the applicability of my ethical framework in everyday situations. However, based on my observations I can say that it is not fully correct to identify a person by single ethical framework. Although, there might be people who strictly apply a single ethical framework, I believe, majority of people follow different types of frameworks with regard to different situation. Let’s take the way people clothe. We can see in many people (including me) who consider divine command to be the main dominant framework, more features of western clothes than compared to religious features. Because, such western type of clothing is accepted by the community to be most common. This can be the example of relativist ethics. However, we should keep in mind that religious norms do not restrain from most of the western styled clothes.

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