What is death penalty?
Death penalty is a type of capital punishment which is a legal process and whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.The judicial decree is called “a death sentence”.The actual process is known as an “execution”.Crimes are known as the capital crimes or capital offences.Many nations in the world are implementing this capital punishment.There are many types of capital punishments or the death penalty , hanging o death with a rope , murder, drug trafficking , tension and betraying the country.
Capital punishment has, in the past, been practiced by most societies (one notable exception being Kievan Rus); currently 58 nations actively practice it, and 97 countries have abolished it (the remainder have not used it for 10 years or allow it only in exceptional circumstances such as wartime).It is a matter of active controversy in various countries and states, and positions can vary within a single political ideology or cultural region. In the European Union member states, Article 2 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union prohibits the use of capital punishment.
Currently, Amnesty International considers most countries abolitionist. The UN General Assembly has adopted, in 2007, 2008 and 2010, non-binding resolutions calling for a global moratorium on executions, with a view to eventual abolition. Although many nations have abolished capital punishment, over 60% of the world’s population live in countries where executions take place, such as the People’s Republic of China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia, the four most-populous countries in the world, which continue to apply the death penalty (although in India, Indonesia and in many US states it is rarely employed). Each of these four nations voted against the General Assembly resolutions.
Week 10 -Reflective Diary – By – Shagufa Shahista Mahboob