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Contemporary Ethical Issues Part II

Here, I would like to reflect on Ethics lecture at week 9. Week 9 was on Monday, March 11, 2013. In this lecture, we studied about Contemporary ethical Issues, such as: abortion, suicide, euthanasia, surrogate motherhood, and cloning. At this time, we also had a guest from Zimbabwe.

Suicide is the act of ending their own lives without the active assistance of others. Reason or motive for suicide vary, but are usually based on a huge guilt, because it was failing to achieve anything expectation.

In surrogate motherhood, one woman acts as a surrogate, or replacement, mother for another woman, sometimes called the intended mother, who either cannot produce fertile eggs or cannot carry a pregnancy through to birth, or term. Surrogate mothering can be accomplished in a number of ways. Most often, the husband’s sperm is implanted in the surrogate by a procedure called Artificial Insemination. In this case, the surrogate mother is both the genetic mother and the birth, or gestational mother, of the child.

This method of surrogacy is sometimes called traditional surrogacy. Less often, when the intended mother can produce fertile eggs but cannot carry a child to birth, the intended mother’s egg is removed, combined with the husband’s or another man’s sperm in a process called in vitro fertilization (first performed in the late 1970s), and implanted in the surrogate mother. This method is called gestational surrogacy. Surrogacy arrangements are categorized as either commercial or altruistic. In commercial surrogacy, the surrogate is paid a fee plus any expenses incurred in her pregnancy. In altruistic surrogacy, the surrogate is paid only for expenses incurred or is not paid at all. The first recognized surrogate mother arrangement was made in 1976. Between 1976 and 1988, roughly 600 children were born in the United States to surrogate mothers. Since the late 1980s, surrogacy has been more common: between 1987 and 1992, an estimated 5,000 surrogate births occurred in the United States.

In my opinion, these things are not ethical. For the surrogate motherhood, I did not agree. It is better for that particular family to adopt children rather than to do surrogacy. There are many orphanages around us. They need the care from family. Besides that, surrogacy is very expensive. They would be better to adopt some children and give them cares with that money. For suicide, it is also not ethical. In devine command view, we are asked not to lose hope. Keep hoping to the God. Only God is the only one who reserves the right to make someone alive or to make someone to die. My suggestion for those who have the intention to do suicide, try not to lose hope. If you lose hope, find your friends that can make you feel alive again. I mean, find your friends that can build up your spirit again.

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