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Contemporary ethical issues – I

This week we focused on contemporary ethical issues. For today lecturer Mr Ahamad Faosiy was the lecturer. He start the class by introduced us with cloning.


Cloning can be defined as creating an organ that is an exact genetic copy of another. For example DNA taken from “A” will be the same for “B” because it was originally from “A”. In my opinion cloning is not wrong for me, it depends on what we are cloning. If for plants or animals, it should be considered as a science break through. In case of human I will say that it is unethical because we are restrict to create a human cloning because it against the god creation in a way as we are replacing god himself. Humans are supposed to be a creation of nature not an experiment. When we clone it is like producing a second version of us, it not natural process but through the genetic taken from us, and been inject into the cell so the cell can develop and follow the exact copy of us. Example for a nose, doctor will take the DNA and produce the artificial nose and that fake nose will transplant on the patient. For me this kind of action is not wrong because, it not creates a new human being but only create part of body, so that the patient can continue a normal life.


Second topic is about surrogacy; in my understanding surrogacy is a person acting as substitute to another person. According to Mr Faosiy, surrogacy is when another woman carries and gives birth to a baby for the infertile couple. In the class I learnt there are three types of surrogacy examples partial surrogacy, total surrogacy and gustatory surrogacy. In my opinion, surrogacy is also unethical because it’s against the human right and against most of the religion.


The third topic is about Euthanasia, the act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals (as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy. In my opinion we as human do not have right to end someone life. It is not ethical because every human being have their own right to stay alive on earth. We cannot judge human life by our decision, even the person is suffering because of an illness, what the best way we can do is try to help treat the diseases and not put a stop on to that patient. Euthanasia has been legalized in many countries like Netherland and Belgium. There are many ways to end the patient life for example stop the breathing machine or by injecting the chemical that can immediately stop the breathing. Even thought, some people claimed that Euthanasia is a “Good death” or “Mercy Killing” but it still unacceptable for human to perform such action.


Fourth topic is about suicide, suicide is the act or an instance of taking one’s own life voluntarily and intentionally especially by a person of years of discretion and of sound mind. People who committed suicide is really stupid for me, because they take an easy way to end their life. By doing that the problem will not stop, it will affect people who care about the victim. When he/she committed suicide of course, someone need to take care of their dead body, this will give trouble to those who going to manage the corpse. It is not our job to decide when we are going to die because we were born naturally and we should die naturally.


The last topic is about abortion, an abortion can be defined as procedure to end a pregnancy. It uses medicine or surgery to remove the embryo or foetus and placenta from the uterus. Nowadays most clinic and hospital, they have a procedure to perform abortion. If we look at the percentage of pregnant teenagers, it is higher than ever. To cover their pregnancy, they w tend to go to clinics mostly private ones which perform abortion. Here, we can see that abortion can be done easily. The question is, whether abortion for teenagers is ethical or not. In my opinion it is not ethical, because abortion for teenagers is dangerous, the risk is high.

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