Agricultural skill development project

Agricultural Skill Development Project


Agricultural Development Denmark Asia (ADDA) Denmark

Fælledvejens Passage 2 st. tv. DK – 2200 Copenhagen N, Dennmark

Telephone: +45 24 47 13 07 E-mail: adda@adda.dk

E-mail: hanamb@um.dk


Agricultural Development Denmark Asia (ADDA) Vietnam

No. 505, Centec Tower, 5th floor.

72-74 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Table of Contents

1.0 The Executive Summary. 2

2.0 Problem Statements. 3

3.0 The Project Description. 3

3.1 Goal 3

3.2 Methods/ Strategies and Activities. 4

3.3 Time Frame. 8

3.4 Performance Indicators. 8

3.5 Results. 8

3.6 Staffing/Administration. 9

3.7 Sustainability. 10

4.0 Budget. 10

5.0 Organisational Information. 12

5.1 Name of Organization. 12

5.2 Vision and Mission. 12

5.3 Year of Commencement. 13

5.4 Organization’s Structure. 13

5.5 Board members. 14

5.6 Details of Staff/ volunteers. 14

5.7 Target Audiences. 15

5.8 Organization’s Programs. 15

5.9 Organization’s special expertise. 15

6.0 Conclusion. 16

References. 17

1.0  The Executive Summary

Agricultural Development Denmark Asia (ADDA) Vietnam organization has been operated    since 1994. ADDA Vietnam has implemented many programs on agricultural rural development such as developing a framework for production and marketing of organic agriculture, green growth program and empowering the rural women, children and youth program, and so forth. These could be done because ADDA Vietnam has the professional capacity and experience within agricultural consultancy, education, research, practical farming, language education, administration and management.

ADDA Vietnam proposes to develop agricultural system in Vinh Phu commune, Vietnam in order to conserve people and the living surroundings from chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Likewise, chemical pesticides have gradually despoiled our natural land; water has been polluted; the pesticide residues stay in agricultural products such as in fruits, vegetables, and rice can cause health problems when people consume. It therefore causes many negative impacts for our community as well as our environments. To solve these matters, ADDA Vietnam recommends using organic pesticides and organic fertilizers so that farmers can increase quantity and quality of their products from agriculture as well as protect the environment. As a result, ADDA Vietnam is able to create agriculture that is friendly to the surroundings.

In order to organise our program successful, we are asking for a budget of RM75, 261 (23,563 US dollars) for all the activities such as conducting survey, staff recruitment, orientation training for staff, two workshops, two practical applications, and evaluation on results (as explained in the latter flow chart).  Furthermore, each workshop will be done for three days and orientation training will be done in two days.  In this case, these programs can help farmers to increase their knowledge and have experiences on agricultural field so that they can continue this program in the further future. Besides that, we also train staff from our organization as well as three volunteers from the villages as our helpers in order that they can manage and help the villagers when we leave them. This is to ensure that our program will sustain in this village and we will continue to other rural places in Vietnam

2.0  Problem Statements

Vinh Phu is a rural commune of Thoai Son district, An Giang province, Vietnam. According to statistics of An Giang website (2010), the population of Vinh Phu is estimated to be 11,684 people of 2,733 households. 90 percent of households are relied mainly upon agriculture. Total land area in Vinh Phu is 3,669 hectares of which 3,153 hectares are used to produce agricultural products. The statistic also shows that agriculture is accounted for 74 percent in total economic structure of the commune. Hence, so as to increase agricultural production and keep these products safe from threats such as insects, diseases, bacteria, viruses and so on, farmers tend to overuse various types of chemical pesticides and fertilizers but majority of them are not aware of the effects of their actions due to lacking of knowledge. As consequences, the natural soil has been gradually degrade; small rivers nearby rice paddies have been contaminated; the pesticide residues stay in agricultural products such as in fruits, vegetables, and rice can cause health problems when people consume. On the other hand, according to Centre of Agricultural Research and Development, Ha Noi, in the process of using pesticides and fertilizers, 90 percent of farmers do not use protective equipment such as protective glasses, masks, gloves, boots, and so on because they are not familiar with them. As a result, the pesticides affect their health directly by causing many serious diseases.

Overall, this agricultural skill development project is proposed to Agriculture Development Denmark Asia (ADDA) Denmark to help the farmers in Vinh Phu commune to resolve the above problems.

3.0  The Project Description

3.1  Goal

Our agricultural skill development project is to improve the sustainable livelihood of farmers in Vinh Phu commune.

3.2  Objectives

The objectives of this agricultural skill development project are:

  1. To assist 350 farmers out of 500 farmers participating in the program in increasing the quality and quantity of their agricultural products within period of six months

  2. To improve their agricultural knowledge

  3. To teach them on how to produce and use organic pesticides and fertilizers

  4. To help farmers save the environment for the sustainability.

3.3              Methods/ Strategies and Activities

Below is the Projecting Flow chart for this agricultural skill development project:

In order to reach the objectives of our project, we would like to organize some activities through the projecting flow chart shown above. The flow chart includes eight steps: conducting a survey, staff recruitment, orientation training for staff, workshop I, practical application I, workshop II, practical application II, and evaluation on results.

–   Initially, we contact with the representatives of the Vinh Phu commune People’s Committee to have a quick survey on farmers of the whole commune. This survey will be done in the two first weeks of March. We are going to have interviews with villagers to get their information then we will fill in the questionnaires with those information. The objectives of this survey are to find out the number of farmers who voluntarily participate in our program, to identify their level of agricultural knowledge, and to know the number of farmers who want to work as helpers throughout our sustainable project.

–   After completing the survey in villages of Vinh Phu commune, we proceed to data analysis and staff recruitment in the third week of March. Our staff will include three project staff (one person will work as an administrative), two experts, and three field staff (one person will be from the People’s Committee and two persons from the villages). This staff recruitment is to help us approach and collect information of the commune more easily as well as to help us in the processes of the project.

–   Thirdly, we will be organising the orientation training for staff at the same period with staff recruitment and it will be handled within two days. In this training session, we will prepare the staff for the coming workshops and counselling sessions by giving them some speech, useful information, and working guidelines. This part is to make clear of the activities and to teach them some theoretical proficiency we are going to have throughout the skill development project.

–   Step four and six shown in the flow chart is meant to organise workshops in order to transfer the theoretical knowledge at the aim of preparation farmers for a new crop. Among 2733 households of the commune, there are 2640 households (90% population of the whole commune) live mainly by agriculture. First, we will choose part of farmer households which is around 500 farmers from six different villages of the commune to participate in this training program. Each workshop will last within three days and our target after workshops is to have successful skill training for around 350 farmers out of 500 individuals. This activity will occur before the crop (in March) and at the middle of the crop (in June). During the workshops we try to provide and facilitate the trained farmers with professional knowledge such as:

  1. How to identify and reclaim the degraded land

  2. Which types of seeds produce high qualitative outputs and high price in the market

  3. How to apply intensive cultivation strategies into crops

  4. How to prevent the common serious diseases or viruses that normally harm the crop in that area

  5. Introducing effective ways of using chemical fertilizers and pesticides that farmers are normally misused for the crop

  6. Introducing the impacts of spraying fertilizers and pesticides improperly and implementing ways of using protective equipment such as protective glasses, masks, gloves, boots, and so on

  7. Introducing organic pesticides and how to produce and use them effectively.

–   Practical applications I and II: These are the fifth and seventh activity in our planed program. The practical fieldworks will be undertaken throughout one season of rice, meaning that it will be in the summer-autumn crop which generally begins in April and ends in August. The fieldworks will last within 4 months, from April to May and from July until the end of the harvest. In these practical sessions, we plan to have agricultural experts to come and face-to-face guide the farmers. We will go out to the paddy fields and observe the growth of rice. Also, we teach the farmers on how to identify directly rice diseases, how to make and use organic pesticides and fertilizers truly for taking care of the paddies. Besides that, we apply all things that we have delivered during the workshops to the real practical environment. We also teach them to prevent and protect those kinds of rice diseases such as sheath blight, blast, grain, yellow dwarf virus, and ragged and so on at the same time with offering them remedies to recover those rice problems. 

–   Counselling is one of the most important activities which will occur throughout the program (from March until August). A counselling committee will be organized in the centre hamlet so that they can help the farmers to answer their queries and give them useful suggestions regarding their cultivation. Farmers who do not have chances to ask questions during the workshops or who have got any problem during their cultivation can approach the counsellors directly in their office or contact them via email or phone. This information will be provided to farmers when they come for the workshops. The committee will be available for farmers during working hours.

–   The last activity is evaluation of farmers after harvesting the crop. This part is to look back what we have done in the past months of the project as how are the results and achievements, what are the strengths and weaknesses from the workshops and fieldworks, if farmers increase their knowledge on agriculture?, is it possible for them to maintain their sustainable livelihood?, and so on. By interviewing the farmers and answering those questions from our questionnaires, we can assess our level of success on this project proposal. Moreover, this evaluation also helps us point out what we should improve for the future projects.

3.4              Time Frame

Year 1Activity JanFebMarAprMayJunJulyAugSepOctNovDecSurvey Staff recruitment Orientation training for staff Workshop I Practical application I Workshop II Practical application II Counselling Evaluation of results

3.5  Performance Indicators

3.5.1        Process indicators: there are 500 farmers participating in the training program.

3.5.2  Product indicators: there are at least 350 farmers who participate in the program have increased the quantity and quality of their agricultural products.

3.6  Results

3.6.1  Outputs: the productivity of at least 350 participants has improved after the program. Their products are high in quality and can be sole with high price.

3.6.2  Outcomes: there is a greater development of agricultural knowledge among farmers participating in this project.

3.6.3  Impact: the farmers are able to improve their sustainable livelihood. Hence, they propagandize the effects of our program to the communities and as a result, other communes in An Giang province will also use this program to improve farmers’ livelihood.

3.7  Staffing/Administration

We are going to hire two full-time agricultural engineers who are experts and have at least 5 years experiences working in this field. They are the most important factor that helps our program to succeed by leading the orientation training for staff, facilitating the workshops and practical applications as well as working as heads of counselling committee.

Besides, as three project managers we will contact with representatives of the Vinh Phu commune People’s Committee to conduct the survey and recruit new staff. They are three villagers in Vinh Phu commune who have good agricultural knowledge and volunteer to help us in this project. Three of us and other three volunteers will participate in the orientation training and work as active members of counselling committee.

Furthermore, while the three villagers assist two experts in facilitating the workshops and practical applications, three project managers will monitor the participants in these workshops and practical applications.

On the other hand, each of the three project managers has their own responsibility, specifically, financial management (Sa Ri Ah), project outcomes and evaluation (A Bi Dah), and reporting and documentation (Rianti Rozalina).

As one of project activities, the evaluation involves internal and external evaluation. The internal evaluation is carried out by the project team while external evaluation is carried out by ADDA Denmark staff. The program will be evaluated based on the cultivation results, the strengths and weaknesses of the workshops and fieldworks as well as the sustainability of the whole project.

3.8  Sustainability

The core objective of this project is to create sustainable livelihood for farmers in Vinh Phu Commune. Firstly, during the whole program, especially in the two workshops and two practical applications we believe that farmers can increase their knowledge on agricultural field. From the two earlier workshops farmers can get a lot of ideas on how to identify and prevent rice diseases and protect their cultivation. Whereas, two practical fieldworks teach them to apply theoretical information into reality and they also learn to produce organic pesticides and fertilizers so that they can continue to do by their own at later times. As time passes, those successful farmers who participate in our program will be experienced and spreading out the skills to the whole community. This will create sustainability for their life. Additionally, through this program farmers become more aware of how a healthy environment is in order that they try to protect their habitat (soil, water, and air). Lastly, as project managers for this program we are not going to end everything after we complete our project in this community, but we really mean to maintain the sustainable values for the villagers. We have two helpers from the villages and one individual from the Vinh Phu People’s Committee as active members; these three persons can learn and get lots of experiences through our project so that they can continue to instruct people of their community. The sustainable livelihood of this commune will be continued.

4.0  Budget

Salaries/ 6 month program

Total Cost2 agricultural experts2 x (6 x RM2,250/month)

RM27,0003 project managers3 x (6 x RM750/month)

RM13,5003 villagers3 x  (6x RM300/month)

RM5,400

Total

RM45,900

Rental/ 6 month program

CostOffice rental6 x RM450/ month

RM2,700Housing rental for experts6 x RM450/month

RM2,700

Total

RM5,400

Printing

Total Cost550 survey questionnaires550 x RM0.07

RM38.5550 brochures550 x RM0.3

RM1652 posters2 x RM18

RM361 banner1 x RM20

RM20550 evaluation questionnaires550 x RM0.07

RM38.5

Total

RM298

Equipment

Total Cost

Equipment for workshop presentation1 set of projector & presentation equipment1 x RM1365

RM1,365

Equipment for field works500 sets of protective equipment (protective glasses, masks, gloves, boots…)500 x RM40.5

RM20,2507 Magnifiers7 x RM7.5

RM52.52 pH computers2 x RM225

RM450

Equipment for making organic pesticides & fertilizers

2 Electric blenders2 x RM48

RM962 Glass containers2 x RM41.5

RM832 Plastic containers2 x RM7.5

RM152 squirt bottles2 x RM90

RM1803 large bottles3 x RM6.75

RM20.310 cups10 x RM0.75

RM7.52 strainers2 x RM4.5

RM9.05 Bowls5 x RM4.8

RM2410 large spoons10 x RM0.52

RM5.210 Teaspoons10 x RM0.37

RM3.7

Total

RM22,561.2

Organic Pesticides & Fertilizers for experiment on paddy field

Total Cost

Organic pesticides

RM250

Organic fertilizers

RM300

Total

RM550

Organic materials

Total CostVegetables –   5 kilograms onion-   5 kilograms hot pepper5 x RM2.255 x RM3.0

RM11.25

RM15.0Soap & Oil–   10 litres liquid dish-washing soap-   10 litres cooking oil10 x RM2.8510 x RM2.0

RM28.5

RM20

Total

RM176

Summary of Projected Expenses

Total CostPersonnel CostSalaries

RM45,900Non-personnel CostRental

RM5,400Transportation

RM375Printing

RM298Equipment

RM22,561.2Organic pesticides & fertilizers

RM550Organic materials

RM176

Total Budget

RM75,260.2

Therefore, the total budget for this agricultural skill development program is around RM75, 261 (23,563 US dollars)

5.0  Organisational Information

5.1  Name of Organization

Our organization is Agricultural Development Denmark Asia (ADDA) Vietnam.

5.2  Vision and Mission

Vision

The vision of ADDA (Agricultural Development Denmark Asia) Vietnam is to conserving the environment by using organic pesticides and organic fertilizers on agriculture and promoting it to create rural agricultural development in present and future generations.

Mission

Acquainted that agriculture is very important for all of countries in the world, especially the countries aid other countries by exporting their agricultural products like Vietnam. Vietnam is as the third country that produces rice in the world after Thailand and Indonesia. ADDA (Agricultural Development Denmark Asia) Vietnam makes an effort to increase quantity and quality of agricultural products by using and promoting organic pesticides and fertilizers and at the same time to ensure that the environment can be protected by minimizing chemical pesticides which can harm surroundings.

5.3  Year of Commencement

Agricultural Development Denmark Asia (ADDA) Vietnam was started in 1994 and has been working for 19years.

5.4  Organization’s Structure

5.5  Board members

ADDA Vietnam members are not only from Vietnam agro-industrial companies, but they are also from other country’s population who want to be volunteers to keep their environment. The members are from teaching and advisory institutions, associations, private agro-industrial companies, and individuals with an interest in development work that concentrates on agriculture in Vietnam.

5.6  Details of Staff/ volunteers

–   Directors

Ms. Rianti Rozalina B.Sc. IT

Executive Director

Email: rianti@adda.vi

Mr. Mafatihur Rizki

Director Programs

Email: mafa@adda.vi

Ms. Sa Ri Ah

Director, Finance and Fundraising

Email: sariah@adda.vi

Ms. A Bi Dah

Director Human Resources

Email: abidah@adda.vi

–   Volunteers

Mr. Jacob Green

Email: jacgre@yahoo.com

Mr. Ngo Tuan Anh

Email: anh@gmail.com

Ms. Pham Quynh Phuong

Email: phupha@yahoo.com

Ms. Le Thi To Nhi

Email: lttnhi@yahoo.com

Ms. Le Thi Thanh Hai

Email: haitle@gmail.com

Ms. Luu Huong Ly

Email: lyhluu@yahoo.com

5.7  Target Audiences

ADDA Vietnam target audiences are people who are from the poorest parts of Vietnam, especially among others returned refugees so that ADDA Vietnam is able to improve their self-sufficiency. Furthermore, we also invite women, children, youth and men who are in Vietnam community to join in our program. We tend to include single mothers in participating in our later programs so that we can empower those women for their better life.

5.8  Organization’s Programs

–   Agricultural rural development program.

–   Developing a framework for production and marketing of organic agriculture.

–   Green growth program.

–   Legal aid to the rural population and community development among ethnic minorities.

–   Empowering the rural women, children and youth program.

5.9  Organization’s special expertise

The professional capacity of ADDA Vietnam covers experiences within agricultural consultancy, education, research, practical farming, language education, administration and management. Indeed, ADDA Vietnam’s farmer field schools provide the basis for rural development so that the farmers have more knowledge on agricultural development.

6.0  Conclusion

ADDA Vietnam is non-governmental organization that has been working since 1994. It focuses more on developing of agriculture by considering the environment.  ADDA Vietnam proposes using organic pesticides and organic fertilizer as in agriculture in order to protect the people and save their environment. The current situation is that nowadays many farmers use chemical pesticides in agriculture in order to increase quantity and quality of their products, unfortunately, it has negative impacts on surroundings such land, water, air, and the farmers themselves. Therefore, ADDA Vietnam recommends workshops and trainings for farmers in Vinh Phu commune, Vietnam to use organic pesticides so that it can help the farmers to increase their knowledge. Also, this training activity make farmers realize the benefits of organics and make them consume organic pesticides and organic fertilizers in the future. Furthermore, this program will not stop although we finish our project because ADDA Vietnam has pointed three people as helpers that will spread knowledge that they get from workshop and training. Last but not least, we believe that we are able to sustain this program because we also train the farmers how to use organic pesticides and organic fertilizers so that they will endure to use them in the present and in the future. Thus, the farmers can manage and use their knowledge on agriculture well and as getting help from our three helpers, we can leave Vinh Phu village and bring this program to other villages.

References

An Giang. (2010). Xã Vĩnh Phú, thông tin – kinh tế – chính trị – xã hội. Retrieved on July 21, 2013 from http://angiang.gov.vn/wps/portal/sokhcn/!ut/p/c5/pZDRCoIwFIafKHY2t9wujeHOqESikXkju4gYpHYRPX_aVVIq0jmX3_n4Dz8pSbeNf4arf4S28TdSkHJdmcNRxangYAABbII7lmmFiaYdP39ylBIsi2lk9si2GpbZQy7-svNokS3NRnc8VzpVnLKYz9invqnRC4t8kr-_G_Af-UP_u9mew8gkMJ0v2AwHkmFbX8i9ds4VEGywqxfGbV1n/dl3/d3/L3dDb0EvUU5RTGtBISEvWUZSdndBISEvNl9HUlQ5N0Y1NDBHMEgwMElBSEwyTkQ5SEFUMg!!/

Minh Cường. (2011). Vì sức khoẻ người Việt. Gặp hoạ vì phun thuốc trừ sâu không đúng cách. Retrieved on July 21, 2013 from http://alobacsi.vn/20111122121755856p241c245/gap-hoa-vi-phun-thuoc-tru-sau-khong-dung-cach.htm

How to make organic pesticide. Retrieved on July 21, 2013 from http://www.wikihow.com/Make-Organic-Pesticide

ADDA Agricultural Development Denmark Asia. Retrieved on July 21, 2013 from http://vietnam.um.dk/en/danida-en/danish-ngos-in-vietnam/adda-agricultural-development-denmark-asia/


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