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Reflective Diary of Seminar on Current Affairs by Roza Sahputra (Week 3)

In the third week of trimester two, we have studied about the Conflict. Starting with the explanation about the conflict, it defined that the conflict is originally taken from the Greek word “confligree” which means to strike together. It also can be describe that the conflict is when two or more actors oppose each other. Parties in conflict ranges from individual to national and international organisations. Identifying parties in the abstract may be self-evident while identifying them in a particular conflict situation is much more complicated. Parties in conflict might also experience intra-parties strife. Furthermore, there are 3 categories of issues in conflict, firstly, Conflicted evaluation, it describes disagreement over means and ends. The second issue is differential rewards, it is rewards and punishment. And lastly, contending contents, which is survival or scarcity. I have already understood the environment of the conflict from this study. It tells that a conflict may take place in a structural environmental in which parties’ behaviour. A structured environment determines kinds of behaviour which are considered legitimate. The conflict of behaviour has three basic types, there are: persuasion, coercion and reward. The next important thing from this topic is the types of conflict. There are many types of conflict. First of all is Intra-state conflict, it is a conflict between the armed force of the government and an opposing civil organized group, for example: Syria, Somalia and Uganda. Secondly, Inter-state conflict, the conflict between two governments, for instance: Pakistan and India. And the third type of conflict is Non-state conflict, violence between two organised groups which are not government of the state. The fourth type of conflict is Political conflict, incompatibility over political system, desire for secession or autonomy, the countries which are involved in this conflict include southern part of Senegal, Kurdistan, and also my state which is Aceh (Indonesia). Next, the fifth type is socio-cultural conflict; it is the incompatibility of over ethnic, religious or ideology conception. The example of this conflict is Nigeria. The sixth conflict is economic conflict; it is the incompatibility over resources distribution, for example: Darfur. Territorial conflict is the seventh type of conflict. It is the incompatibility over boundaries, regional predominance or autonomy. The next type is ethnic conflict; it is when incompatibility is defined along the religious distinction. And next is religious conflict, it is defined along the religious distinction. And the last type of conflict is ethno-political conflict; it is the incompatibility between ethnic groups and their political organization. In the next class which is tutorial, my lecturer asked the class to come up with their ideas about the globalization in the group that consists of 4-5 students. Each group has already chosen their frames to discuss and present in front of the class. My group decided to choose Economical frame, it is about the effect of globalization in economical frame. In this frame, we have discussed about three things, there are: brain drain, consumerism, and transportation/telecommunication. The example of brain drain is students who decided to study abroad, mostly in developed countries such as America or United Kingdom, and when they graduated we found that most of them decided to work in the country they used to study. While the people in their home countries needed them to share their knowledge in order to develop the skills. This is one of the reasons why people in developing countries remains poor especially poor in knowledge and skills. For consumerism, it is the habit of people using foreign products. Nowadays, we realized that most of advertisement in developing countries like Indonesia and Malaysia was being controlled by foreign companies, such as Nestle, Adidas, Nike, etc. It will affect the growth of economy when the people decide to buy their products rather than the local products. And lastly, we knew that the development of telecommunication as well as transportation nowadays is very fast. Telecommunication helps the people around the world to connect each other while the transportation helps people to move from one place to other place in a short time, such as flight from Aceh to Alor Setar in 1 hour. In conclusion, it is very important to study about the conflict, by knowing the types of conflict and discussing about the issue of conflict around the world, now a I knew that there are many country or places which are still in critical situation because of the conflict itself. It is also important to study about the globalization, both positive effects and negative effects for us. It gives us the knowledge how it will affected our mind as well as our behaviour. It is not necessarily the globalization is good; there are also many negative affect of it. So, it is better to avoid or to reduce the negative effects of the globalization.

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