Seminar Current Affairs
Globalization is the worldwide movement toward economic, financial, trade and communication integration. Globalization implies the opening of local and nationalistic perspectives to a broader outlook of an interconnected and independent world. Globalization have 4 main aspects which are environmental, political, economic and socio-cultural where it rapidly changing the world. There is some effect on environment which causes such climate changes, cross-boundry water, over fishing in the ocean and so on. This thing happened when human increasing the number of factory and using huge usage of technologies in developing country. In addition, climate changes happened because of green house effect, some consequences, natural disaster, sea level increasing, environmental degradation are linked with globalization. The cross-boundry water and over fishing in the ocean happened because of the limited resources under the sea and because of the huge amount of population, overfishing is increasing. For the political frame, it happened might because of reduction of the important of “NATION” states, “Supra-state” (EU,G8,ICC,NGO). Economical frame with improvements in transportation and communication, privatization, telecommunication, capital investment, urbanization and international business grew rapidly after the beginning of the 20th century also cause the globalization in particular countries. Privatization is about putting the governments out of the business. For the socio- cultural side, such as international tourism where in 2010, there were over 940 million international tourist arrivals worldwide, representing a growth of 6.6% when compared to 2009. Intercultural marriage and immigration also tend to globalization.