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Ethical Decision Making

In the next Introduction to Ethics lecture session we had some activities. We were provided with a piece of paper and we needed to write our name, tutorial classes, date, and title of quizzes on all the papers. Then, lecturer showed a few questions on the slides and we were asking to answer them. He had started his lecture by telling his history,

Then, Mr. Jaime started the class with one video which was about a situation happened in a railway where there are children playing nearby. The train was coming and the ethical problem was either to choose to save three children who playing inside the railway and sacrifice another child playing farther or decide to take away that only child and sacrifice three children. I was deciding to save the only child since he knows the danger of playing inside the railway and he just plays nearby it. Also, if I save him and expense three children I can save whole passengers in the coming train instead of saving three children and kill so many people.

Even in the real life, the majority is in more concern than the minority and people tend to spend less to save more. Then, the lecturer introduced seven types of ethical dilemma together with a quiz related to the topic in a hurry.

There are seven types of ethical dilemma which consists of beneficence, autonomy, justice, fidelity, non-maleficence, confidentiality, and veracity. For each type of ethical dilemma he gave us a very short understanding about it as a definition just enough for taking a quiz. By continuing the lesson he proceeded to another part of the lecture which was about types of decision.

We got to learn that, there are four types of decision such as active, passive, programmed, and non-programmed but normally we use them in a combination as active-programmed (AP), passive-programmed (PP), active-non programmer (AN), and passive-non programmer (PN) then we had a quiz on these definitions as well. We closed the session with experiences from the lecturer’s personal life. It was touching and we felt the stories by heart.

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