There are many problems and ethical dilemmas which arise due to the advancements and breakthroughs of science. These issues are very new to the globe, hence we need to make the right decisions of whether we consider them as acceptable and ethical or not. Abortion is one of the most debated modern-day ethical issues, which asks whether it can be morally right to terminate a pregnancy before normal childbirth. The term “abortion” actually refers to any premature expulsion of a human fetus, whether naturally spontaneous, as in a miscarriage, or artificially induced, as in a surgical or chemical abortion.
Today, the most common usage of the term “abortion” applies to artificially induced abortion, which is the subject of this essay. Many people regard it as an effective way to ease the pain for the unborn babies and mothers, while thousands of others claim that no one has the right to kill anyone including the unborn fetus. It is not simple to make a judgment without finding all the facts and reasons behind adoption, therefore, in this piece of writing I will discusses the benefits and disadvantages of abortion in different perspectives and then make clear why do we need to ban abortion urgently.
Patrons of abortion put forward that abortion helps and provides a way to escape from physiological problems for the women who are victims of rape and incest. This is arguments is weak because proper medical care can ensure that a woman will not get pregnant if the rape case is reported earlier. However doing an abortion will only punish the unborn child who committed no crime; instead, it is the perpetrator who should be punished. It is also fact shown by statistics that abortion cases related to rape are very rare and it is mainly as a result of having sex willingly without expecting the pregnancy. Moreover, women who do operation will be happy and satisfied with their decisions, but a research conducted recently found that mostly are young females who later on regret their decisions due to the health hazards related to abortion.
Another point which advocates of abortion argue is allowing abortion means giving the woman her freedom and full liberty. They claim women should have the right to control their body and choose whatever they want, so if women really wants to control their body why they don’t do it before getting pregnant. This means they should take full responsibility of themselves and avoid the risk of getting unwanted pregnancy. However, they moment they become pregnant, they lose their rights because there is another person involving in the decision making process. Freedom is not only for mothers but also for the unborn babies and as said by Supreme Court Justice, Oliver Wendell Holmes “The right to swing my fist ends where the other man’s nose begins.”, consequently the moment that the women becomes pregnant means that is where her freedom ends and the freedom of the new baby begins.
To start with abortion is done by terminating the life of the unborn child. Since life begins at conception, abortion is similar to murder as it is the act of taking human life. Abortion is in direct defiance of the commonly accepted idea of the sanctity of human life. No society or religion accepts someone to harm or take the life of another one intentionally without punishment, and abortion is not an exception. Therefore, if the mother is capable of carrying the pregnancy there would be no any reason to abort. However, the only case which abortion seems logical is when carrying the baby would put risk the mother’s health and medical emergencies will compel her to resort this action. This is the only kind of abortion that is acceptable in many religions and cultures, and I do agree with this kind of abortion to some extent because mothers are the back bones of the family so we cannot save the baby and let the mother die or suffer. Nevertheless, according the NRLC, an American health organization, the vast majority of all abortions performed today are done for social, not medical reasons — because a woman doesn’t feel ready for a baby at the time, because her partner wants her to have an abortion, etc. Approximately 93% of all induced abortions are done for elective, non-medical reasons such as these. This is enough as evidence and the abortion rate will drop significantly if we stop other non-trivial abortions. In conclusion, bearing in mind that most of the abortions are not for medical reason, most of the people who perform it can be somehow considered murderers and if this kind of murdering is being accepted why not other forms of taking life.
Abortion also damages the health of the women permanently and many of them suffer various health problems after performing it. The important question that one must ask before doing abortion is, is abortion really save? Absolutely no, and rather it contributes to many health risks later in life. Daniel J. Martin, M.D., Ltd., clinical instructor at St. Louis University Medical School, St. Louis, Missouri, has stated that, “The impact of abortion on the body of a woman who chooses abortion is great and always negative. I can think of no beneficial effect of a social abortion on a body.” One of the most famous health complication related to abortion is Infection and bleeding which eventually led to a hysterectomy1. Moreover, abortion poses also devastating physiological threats on women and psychologist Wanda Franz, (1989) found that the after-effects of abortion have identified a pattern of psychological problems known as Post-Abortion Syndrome (PAS). Women suffering PAS may experience drug and alcohol abuse, personal relationship disorders, sexual dysfunction, repeated abortions, communications difficulties, damaged self-esteem, and even attempt suicide. In addition to the above problem, there are some possibilities that abortion leads to breast cancer, though it is not yet proved.
Therefore, it is my 1 A hysterectomy is a kind of disease which compels a woman to have an operation to remove her uterus. This means they cannot have babies after the operation assertion that people who are performing abortion do not have any facts to make the right decisions and majority of them regret. Lastly, considering all the above health problems no one would agree that abortion to be legalized, rather it should be eliminated and considered as a serious threat to human health.
In summary, abortion should never be considered ethical because its benefits to the society are far much less than its drawbacks, hence it should be banned. It involves committing a crime against another human being and it also brings health hazards to those who perform it. On the other hand, millions of people around the globe who wants to have a child, so there is no such a wasted child. I would advise for those who are willing to do, to think deeply and saver their health by carrying the baby and later giving for adoption. This will save their health and at the same time bring happiness to the people who want to adopt children.